Our Director Professor Peter Dwyer rounded up the evidence to date on anti-social behaviour and welfare conditionality in a presentation to a recent HouseMark conference. He outlined to HouseMark’s annual ASB conference that the intended purpose of conditionality is to re-align the relationship between entitlement or support, and people’s conduct or behaviour. Previous research has stressed the importance to achieving change of a key worker with an assertive approach and ‘non-negotiable expectations’. Early indicative findings from our project (summarised in our briefing paper) suggest many individuals are not fully aware of nature of the interventions, forms of sanction or behavioural requirements. There are also concerns over the loss of professional expertise through budget restrictions.